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PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION
EXAM #1 STUDY REVIEW
Exam Date:

 

 

A. CONTENT

1. What is Religion?
Types of definition: inclusive/exclusive, substantive/functionalist; subjective/objective; Western/Eastern
Social-scientific: anthropological, sociological, and psychological
Philosophical: traditional features; types of philosophical definition: classical, Wittgenstein’s family resemblance

What is Religion? Historical Perspectives: #s1 (Xenophanes), 3 (Augustine), 7 (Hume), 13 (Schopenhauer), 15 (Feuerbach), 19 (Marx), 25 (Nietzsche), 28 (Freud), 43 (Malinowski), 45 (Tillich), 49 (van der Leeuw), and 53 (Eliade).

Traditional Questions Relating to the Nature of Religion
Revealed religion/natural religion
Abstract/concrete
Anthropomorphism
Non Sequitur: Latin, it does not follow

2. What is Philosophy of Religion?
General definition
Theoretical attitude
Philosophical methods
Problem areas

3. Concepts of Ultimate Reality
Theism or Monotheism
Pantheism
Deism
Polytheism
Atheism
Agnosticism
Transcendent/immanent
Dualism, monism, pluralism
Supernaturalism/naturalism
Anthropomorphism
Personal/impersonal
Creator/creation
Metaphysics
Living God/God of the philosophers
Abstract/concrete

4. The Concept of God in Traditional Western Theism
Sui generis (Latin): unique, underivable, one of a kind
Creator/creation
Person: individual identity, will, emotion, consciousness, etc.
Transcendent and immanent
Absolute: unconditioned, unlimited, metaphysically independent
Necessity
Omnipotent
Omniscience
Omnibenevolent
Omnipresence
Incorporeality: spirit
Simple: ultimate oneness, unity
Eternal: ‘eternal now’ (qualitatively different from linear or sequential time)
Immutability: changelessness, permanence
Prism analogy: relation between simple essence/divine attributes
Criticized as
anthropomorphic
Quantitative/qualitative difference; difference in kind or type
Man as image of God/God as image of man
Analogical reasoning

B. FORMAT
1. 10 T/F questions (20 points)
2. 25 Multiple-choice questions (50 points)
3. 4 Short answer questions (20 points)
4. 1 Essay question (10 points)
5. Extra credit?


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