PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION
EXAM #1 STUDY REVIEW
1. What is Religion?
Types of definition:
inclusive/exclusive, substantive/functionalist; subjective/objective;
Social-scientific: anthropological, sociological, and psychological
Philosophical: traditional features; types of philosophical definition:
classical, Wittgenstein’s family resemblance
What is Religion? Historical Perspectives:
#s1 (Xenophanes), 3 (Augustine), 7 (Hume), 13 (Schopenhauer), 15
(Feuerbach), 19 (Marx), 25 (Nietzsche), 28 (Freud), 43 (Malinowski), 45
(Tillich), 49 (van der Leeuw), and 53 (Eliade).
Traditional Questions Relating to the Nature of Religion
Revealed religion/natural religion
Non Sequitur: Latin,
it does not follow
2. What is Philosophy of Religion?
3. Concepts of Ultimate Reality
Theism or Monotheism
Dualism, monism, pluralism
Living God/God of the philosophers
4. The Concept of God in Traditional Western Theism
Sui generis (Latin):
unique, underivable, one of a kind
Person: individual identity, will, emotion, consciousness, etc.
Transcendent and immanent
Absolute: unconditioned, unlimited, metaphysically independent
Simple: ultimate oneness, unity
Eternal: ‘eternal now’ (qualitatively different from linear or
Immutability: changelessness, permanence
Prism analogy: relation
between simple essence/divine attributes
Criticized as anthropomorphic
Quantitative/qualitative difference; difference in
kind or type
Man as image of God/God as image of man
1. 10 T/F questions (20 points)
2. 25 Multiple-choice questions (50 points)
3. 4 Short answer questions (20 points)
4. 1 Essay question (10 points)
5. Extra credit?