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LECTURE NOTES HISTORY 1220

 

*Reconstruction and the South:

Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction 1863, 10 % Plan, Louisiana, Tennessee, Arkansas
Wade/Davis Bill 1864, Benjamin Wade, Winter Davis, pocket veto, ironclad oath
Presidential Reconstruction, Andrew Johnson, black codes, vagrancy laws
Congressional Reconstruction, Civil Rights Act 1866, Freedmen's Bureau Act 1866, mandate, Reconstructions Acts 1867,
14th amendment, black suffrage, impeachment, Ulysses S. Grant 1868
Republican coalition, freedmen, scalawags, carpetbaggers, constitutional conventions, disenfranchise
15th amendment 1879, universal black suffrage, "race, color, or previous condition of servitude"
"unfinished revolution," Eric Foner
redemption, redeemers, Ku Klux Klan, KKK, Enforcement Acts 1870-1, Ku Klux Klan Act
"Let us have peace" 1872, Mississippi Plan 1875, gerrymandering
"northern retreat from Reconstruction," industrialization, urbanization, immigration, civil service reform, Panic of 1873
U. S. Supreme Court, Myra Bradwell versus Illinois 1873, 14th amendment
Civil Rights Act 1875, equal accommodations public facilities, unconstitutional 1883,
legal segregation, Jim Crow laws, Plessy versus Ferguson 1896, "separate but equal" doctrine
Reese versus U.S. 1876, 15th amendment, disenfranchise, poll taxes, literacy tests, grandfather clauses 1867, white primaries
Compromise of 1877, Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel J. Tilden, solid south, "waving the bloody shirt"
Free labor ideology, rehabilitate South, impoverished, share-croppers, tenant farmers, lien crop system, convict leasing,
"chain gang," lynching
Textiles, James B. Duke, American Tobacco Company 1895
Birmingham, Alabama, "Pittsburgh of the South"
Booker T. Washington, Hampton Institute, Tuskegee Institute 1881, accommodate, Atlanta Exposition 1895, "Atlanta Compromise"
W.E.B DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk 1903, progressive, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People,
The Crisis, Urban League 1912

*Industrialization

urbanization, mechanization, specialization of labor, inventiveness, Patten, mass production, power-driven factories
free labor ideology, meritocracy, individualism
early industrialization, putting-out system, cottage or home industries, proto
industrialization, supplemental income, agricultural cycle, Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire textiles, Lowell and Lawrence Massachusetts
journeymen, skilled craftsmen, apprentice working and fixed capital
unpredictable, unreliable, seasonal
energy, coal, electricity, Thomas Edison, General Electric, Westinghouse
communication, Samuel Morse 1836, telegraph, Morse Code, U.S. Postal Service, transportation, gravel turnpikes, Erie Canal 1825,
railroads, Pennsylvania Railroad, continental distribution, reliable, predictable, profitable
Eli Whitney, cotton gin 1793, wholesalers, shippers, jobbers, finance ere, insurance brokers, middle men, specialization
Andrew Carnegie, Pittsburgh, J.P. Morgan, U.S. Steel
Vertical integration, American Tobacco Company 1895, James B. Duke, James Bonsac, cigarette machine
Horizontal integration, Standard Oil of Ohio, John Rockefellers, "Keep an eye on the costs and the profits will take care of themselves"
Cartels "ropes of sand," Interstate Commerce Act 1887, holding companies, trusts, corporations, monopolies
Knights of Labor 1869, Terrence Powderly, idealistic
McCormick Reaper Company, Hay Market Square 1886, anarchists
The Science of Revolutionary Warfare, American Federation of Labor 1886, Samuel Gompers, collective bargaining
Frederick Taylor, Taylorism, Henry Ford, assembly line 1914, Model T, democratizing

* Urbanization

mass transportation, omnibus, electric trolley, subway, Tremont Street 1897, Lexington Avenue Line 1904,
horizontal expansion, bridges, annexation, geographical specialization, business, shopping, industrial, entertainment districts
department stores, Macy's, Herald Square, culture comfort to desire
skyscrapers, Woolworth Building 1913, steel skeletons, elevator, vertical expansion
Coney Island, Lunar Park 1903, Fred Thompson
Germ theory of disease, purification, sanitized water
Leisure time, spectator and participatory sports

* Immigration

dispossession, agricultural depression, Jim Crow, lynching, domestics, service sector nativist Americans,
Federal Senses 1790, acculturation, assimilation, Protestants, northern and western Europe
transformation, southern and eastern Europe, French Canadians, Catholics, Jews, religious persecution, anti Semitism, garment industries
familiar neighborhoods, Little Italy, Chinatwon, Jew town, row houses, 10th Ward
Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives 1890, perversion family, environment, stereotype
1882 Chinese Exclusion Act 1921 Emergency Quota Act, 1924 National Origins Act

* Gilded Age Politics

Republicans, Democrats
Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel J. Tilden, James Garfield, Grover Cleveland, James G. Blaine, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley,
William Jennings Bryan< Electoral college 1884 "James G. Blaine, continental liar from the state of Maine," "Ma ma, where's pa?"
"Gone to the White House, ha ha!"
patronage system, spoils system, "To the victor goes the spoils," Ulysses S. Grant 1869-77
Liberal Republicans 1872, mugwumpfs, pole-sitters, Horace Greeley
Civil Service Reform Act or Pendleton Act 1882
New York City, Tamnany Hall, William Marcy Tweed, George Plunkett, "Get a Following and deliver them on election day," graft or gratitude

* The West

1845 John O'Sullivan manifest destiny, Horace Greeley "go west young man,"
Frederick Jackson Turner 1893, "frontier thesis," American Historical Association
Homestead Act 1862, Morrill Land Grant Act 1862, agricultural and mechanical colleges
Pacific Railroad Act 1862
Sears and Roebuck, Montgomery Ward, U.S. Parcel Post 1913
California gold rush 1848-9, volatile and fluid populations
Mormons, Utah, Anglo-Saxons, polygamy, religious persecution/freedom
Cattle raising, barbed wire, agricultural technology, reapers mowers, seeders, plows,
arable lands, granges, farm alliances, co-operatives. lumbering
Native Americans, reservations, treaties
General George Custer, battle Little Big Horn 1876, Black Hills South Dakota, Sioux Indians
1890 battle Wounded Knee, ghost dance
Dawes Act 1887, assimilate, acculturate, capitalists

* Women

separate spheres, Jean Jacques Rousseau 1862, innate, rational, intelligent, nurturing, emotional, submissive
Mary Wollstonecraft, "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" 1792
Judith Sargent Murray, "On the Equality of the Sexes" 1779
Abigail Adams, "Do not forget the ladies" 1776
Benjamin Rush, cult of republican motherhood, prescribed role, patriotism, nationalism, public virtue, thrift
Cult of domesticity/true womanhood, Catherine Beecher, prescriptive literature
Industrialization, producers to consumers
1873 Myra Bradwell versus State of Illinois
domestics, African-American women, service sector
industries, Frederick Taylor, Taylorism, exploitation, unskilled, semi skilled, secretarial, typewriters, adding machines,
bookkeepers, bureaucracies, clerical, department stores, sales clerks, charm, vanity, creativity, manipulation, exploitation
female stereotypes, domestic knowledge
"treating," negotiation
professions, teaching, nurturing, normal schools, Rhode Island Normal School
extensions female sphere, bending gender barriers, female-specific employment
professionalization nursing, Dorothea Dix, Clara Barton, Florence Nightingale
Mary Walker, commissioned surgeons, regiments, United States Sanitary Commission
regiments, Freedmen's Bureau, Congressional Medal of Honor 1865
Elizabeth Blackwell 1849, American Medical Association 1847/1915
Women's Trade Union League 1903, Florence Kelly, National Consumer League 1898, alliance middle and working classes
Reform, Second Great Awakening 1820, piety, charities, charitable
Temperance, abolitionism, suffrage, education, prison, insane asylum
1840 World Anti-Slavery Convention, Lucrecia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
Seneca Falls, "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions" 1848,
National Women's Loyal League 1863, Susan B. Anthony
Women's' Christian Temperance Union 1873 WTCU, Hillsboro, Ohio, Francis Willard
1879, transformation, Militancy, 18th amendment 1919, prohibition
National American Women's Suffrage Association 1890
"Declaration of Rights and Grievances" 1904
Alice Paul, American Women's Party 1916
Populists 1890s, Theodore Roosevelt, Progressive Republicans 1912
Woodrow Wison, 19th amendment 1920, women's suffrage
Progressive reforms, progressivism, Jane Addams, Hull House 1890, University of Chicago, social sciences,
Twenty-Years At Hull House 1910, adjunct professor, laboratory, settlement houses
Margaret Sanger 1914, National Birth Control League, Anthony Comstock, Comstock Law 1873

* Progressivism

utopian novels, Edward Bellamy Looking Backwards 1888, Julian West
Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species 1859, Darwinism, survival of the fittest, natural
selection, evolution, social Darwinists, social gospel, crisis in Protestantism, Christianize Darwin
Scientific data and research, manipulate environment
John, Dewey, University of Chicago, learning through experience
Proactive government, white slave trade, Committee of Fourteen 1913-16, prostitution
Muckraking, The Octopus, Sister Carrie, The Jungle, Upton Sinclair
City managers, planning commissions, Benjamin Park DeWitt, "talented ten percent"
1915, referendum, ballot reform
People's Party, Populists 1880s-90s, "Raise less corn and more hell", heresy to policy
16th amendment 1913 graduated income tax
17th amendment 1913 direct election U.S. Senators
Interstate Commerce Act 1887, Interstate Commerce Commission, Sherman Anti-Trust Act 1890
Robert LaFollette, "babbling Bob," Wisconsin Plan 1906
Theodore Roosevelt, trustbuster, regulator, Northern Securities Company 1904, J.P. Morgan
Pure Food and Drug Act 1906, Food and Drug Administration, , Meat Packing or Meat
Inspection Act 1906, bully pulpit, National Lands Reclamation Act 1908
William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson

* Imperialism

Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species1859, liberal to exclusivist nationalism, racism,
social Darwinists, white superiority, "white man's burden"
William Seward 1867, Alaska, Seward's Folly or Seward' icebox,
Frederick Jackson Turner 1893, "frontier thesis"
William McKinley, Spanish-American War 1898, Cuba, Philippines, Guam, Hawaii, Cuban nationalists, USS Maine 1898
Yellow journalism, New York Journal William Randolph Hearst, New York World
Joseph Pulitzer, sensationalized
San Juan Hill, Theodore Roosevelt, Rough Riders
Platt Amendment 1903, Guantanomo Bay, paternalistic
USS Oregon, Panama Canal 1914, big stick diplomacy, "speck softly but carry a big stick,"
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine 1905, Dominican Republic, Russo Japanese War 1904-5, Nobel Peace Prize 1906
Alfred T. Mahan, The Influence of Sea Power Upon History 1890
China, "Sick Man of Asis," Boxer Rebellion, open door policy 1898, John Hay
William Howard Taft, dollar diplomacy
Woodrow Wilson, idealism, human rights, Mexican nationalists

* World War I

Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand, Sophia, Hapsburg Dynasty, Sarajevo, Bosnia, June 28, 1914,
Serbia, Black Hand, Austria-Hungary, Germany, Italy versus Great Britain, France, Russia, trench warfare, no-man's land
Alliances, nationalist movements, colonization
Unrestricted u-boat warfare, Lusitanian 1915, neutrality, international rules of war
"he kept us out of war" 1916, Charles Evans Hughes
Zimmerman telegram 1917, Declaration of War April 6, 1917
Russian Revolution 1917, Czar Nicholas deposed, ideological barrier
Selective Service Act 1917, Food Administration 1917, Herbert Hoover, "wheatless Mondays, meatless Tuesdays,"
War Industries Board 1917 Bernard Bareau, centralization,
Committee on Public Information 1917, George Creel, Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, Liberty Bonds
Espionage and Sedition Acts 1917, Eugene Debs, civil liberties
Cease fire November 11, 1918, Woodrow Wilson, Fourteen Points, "peace without victory,"
Versailles, George Clenenceau, Franco-Prussian War 1870-1
Treaty of Versailles June 28, 1919, League of Nations, reparations, Elsa Lorraine, War Guilt Clause, Rhineland
Henry Cabot Lodge, isolationist, isolationism
1919 race riots, labor strikes, Red Scare, Russian Revolution, Bolshevik Revolutions, Vladimir Lenin, communism
Calvin Coolidge Boston 1919, Jay Edgar Hoover, Federal Bureau of Investigation

* 1920s

Frederick Louis Allen, Only Yesterday 1931
Republicans, conservative, Warren G. Harding, "Ohio Gang," Albert B. Fall, Tea Pot Dome
Calvin Coolidge, "America's business is business"
Herbert Hoover, Department of Commerce, business rationalization, dissemination
information, Bureau of Standards, trade associations, Federal Trade Commission, Interstate Commerce Commission
Secretary of the Treasury, Andrew Melon, trickle down economics Automobile industry, model t, assembly line, Henry Ford, democratization, National Highway Act 1921, traffic light 1924
KDKA Pittsburgh 1922
American Federation of Labor, Samuel Gompers/William Green 1924
Open Shop non-union, closed ship unionized
Welfare Capitalism
Bruce Barton, The Man Nobody Knows, 1925
Flappers, Alice Paul, American Women's Party, equal rights amendment 1923
Marcus Garvey, Universal Negro Improvement Association 1914, Black star Line 1923,
black nationalism, racial pride and purity
Ku Klux Klan, KKK, D.C. Stevenson 1925
Prohibition, Federal Prohibition Bureau, bootleggers, moonshine, speak easies, Will Rogers
"Mississippians will vote dry and drink wet as long as they can stagger to the polls on election day,"
illegal liquor trafficking, Al Capone, 21st amendment 1933 revoked prohibition
Republicans, conservative, Warren G. Harding, "Ohio Gang," Albert B. Fall, Teapot Dome
Calvin Coolidge, "America's business is business"
Herbert Hoover, Department of Commerce, business rationalization, dissemination
information, Bureau of Standards, trade association, Federal Trade Commission Secretary of the Treasury, Andrew Melon, trickle down economics Automobile industry,
model t, assembly line, Henry Ford, democratization, National Highway Act 1921, traffic light 1924
KDKA Pittsburgh 1922
American Federation of Labor, Samuel Gompers/William Green 1924
Open Shop non-union, closed ship unionized
Welfare Capitalism
Bruce Barton, The Man Nobody Knows, 1925
Flappers, Alice Paul, American Women's Party, equal rights amendment 1923
Marcus Garvey, Universal Negro Improvement Association 1914, Black star Line 1923,
black nationalism, racial pride and purity
Ku Klux Klan, KKK, D.C. Stevenson 1925
Prohibition, Federal Prohibition Bureau, bootleggers, moonshine, speak easies, Will Rogers
"Mississippians will vote dry and drink wet as long as they can stagger to the polls on election day,"
illegal liquor trafficking, Al Capone, 21st amendment 1933 revoked prohibition

* The stock market crash and great depression:

Herbert Hoover, Al Smith 1928 "A chicken in every pot, tow cars in every garage"
Gross national product GNP, 1932 "In Hoover we trusted, now we are busted"
Collateral, speculation, bull market, bear market, overproduction, reparations
Dow Jones Index, New York Stock Exchange, October 29, 1929
Agricultural Marketing Act 1929, Hawley-Smoot Triff 1930, President's Organization
On Unemployment Relief POUR 1931, moratorium, Reconstruction Finance Corporation
1932, Scapegoat, aloof, unsympathetic, Bonus Army March 1932, Farm Holiday Movement 1932

* FDR and New Deal:

Franklin D. Roosevelt, New Deal, "We have nothing to fear but fear itself" March 4, 1933
Relief, recovery, reform, brain trust
First New Deal 1933-4, "first one-hundred days," Emergency Banking Act, fireside chats, National Industrial Recovery Act,
National Recovery Administration NRA, Federal Emergency Relief Act, Public Works Administration, Civil Works
Administration, Public works project, Civil Conservation Corp CCC, Agricultural
Adjustment Act AAA, Tennessee Valley Authority TVA, John Steinbeck The Grapes of Wrath 1939
Emergency Farm Mortgage Act, Farm Credit Act, Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation, Securities and Exchange Commission
Reciprocal Trade Agreements, Good Neighbor Policy
Upton Sinclair, End Poverty In California EPIC 1934
Dr. Francis Townsend, Huey Long, Share Our Wealth
Father Charles Coughlin, "Franklin Double-crossing Roosevelt," U.S. Supreme Court
Second New Deal 1935, Works Progress or Projects Administration WPA, National Youth Administration, Rural Electrification Act
Social Security Act, National Labor Relations Board, collective bargaining, Federal Reserve Board
Roosevelt coalition 1936, Alfred Landon, Literary Digest, "So goes Maine, so goes the rest of the country,"
"So goes Maine, so goes Vermont" Court packing scheme 1937, recession in depression, Fair Labor Standards Act 1938
National Labor Relations Act, National Labor Relations Board NLRB 1935, unionization, collective bargaining,
American Federation of Labor, United Mine Workers, John Lewis, Congress of Industrial Organization 1936, United Auto Workers
UAW, United Steel Workers of America, AFL-CIO 1955

* Origins World War II:

isolationism, Washington Naval Conference 1921-2, Frank D. Kellogg, Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928, Aristide Briand
fascism, Nazism, Nazis, Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf 1925, anti-Semitism, anti-Semitic, racial hygiene, human eugenics,
German Volk, totalitarian rule, President Hindenburg, Reichstag, Enabling Act 1933, sterilization, euthanasia
Mussolini, Italy Ethiopia 1935, Rhineland, Elsa Loraine, Austria, Axis Powers, Tripartite
Pact 1937, Munich Conference 1938, appeasement, Czechoslovakia, March 1939
Gerald P. Nye, Nye Committee 1934-6, merchants of death, munitions makers, financiers, Neutrality Acts 1935-41, belligerent
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact August 1939, Joseph Stalin, Poland September 1, 1939
Cash and Carry November 1939, Selective Service Act September 1940, Destroyer Base Deal August 1940, Athenia September 1940
Lend/Lease Act March 1941, "arsenal for democracy," Atlantic Conference, Atlantic Charter August 1941, Winston Churchill,
undeclared warfare, USS Reuben James October 31, 1941
Pacific Theater, Russo-Japanese War 1904-5, Korea 1904, Manchuria 1931, China 1937, quarantine, French Indochina 1941
Pearl Harbor, Hawaii December 7, 1941, "a day that will live in infamy," Jeannette Rankin

*Origins Cold War:

Karl Marx Communist Manifesto 1848, class conflict, slavery, feudalism, capitalism, communism, French Revolution
bourgeoisie, proletariat, Russian Revolution 1917, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, Bolshevik Revolution, Latvia,
Soviet Union 1924, Joseph Stalin, Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact 1939 "Uncle Joe"

* World War II and onset of Cold War:

holocaust, euthanasia program, ghettos, concentration camps, Auschwitz
War Production Board, synthetic rubber, Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT,
National War Labor Board, mandatory rationing, 1942 Japanese encampment
second front, Harry Truman, Mediterranean Rim, northern Africa, Italy 1943, Tehran 1943, D-Day June 6, 1944, Normandy
Poland, London, Ludlum, exile
Breton Woods, New Hampshire 1944, World Bank, International Fund, United Nations
1945 Yalta February 1945, Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin
Pacific Theater, Midway Island 1942, Baton death march, Douglas Macarthur,
Manhattan Project 1942, Albert Einstein, atomic diplomacy, Potsdam, Hiroshima August 6, 1945, Nagasaki, August 9, 1945
Polish underground, self-determination of nations, Eastern Europe
Iran, puppet regime, 1946, Turkey, Black Sea, Aegean Sea, "iron curtain"
Henry Wallace, George Kennan, "long telegram" 1946, containment, Truman Doctrine march 1947
National Security Act 1947, Joint Chiefs of Staff, National Security Council, Central Intelligence Agency
Marshall Plan, George Marshall, Berlin Air Lift 1948-9, North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO 1949,
Warsaw Pact 1955, defensive alliances, 1949 China, Chairman Mao, Mao zedong, detonate

* Consensus America:

affluence, anti-communism, liberal consensus
Federal Employee Loyalty Act 1947
1948, Harry Truman, John Dewey, Henry Wallace, Progressive Citizens of America,
Strom Thurmond, States' Rights Party, Dixiecrats
House Un-American Activities Committee, HUAC, Richard Nixon, Alger Hiss-Whitaker Chambers 1949
Knights of Columbus, American Legion, Catholic League, Daughters of the American Revolution, chambers of commerce
Joseph McCarthy 1950-54, McCarthyism, Wheeling, West Virginia, card-carrying
communists, Adlai Stevenson, "egg sucking liberal," censured, Edwin Morrow, See It Now
Federal Bureau of Investigation, FBI, T-10 Ronald Reagan, Will Geer, Julius and Edith Rosenberg 1951
Charles Wilson, General Electric 1944
John Maynard Keynes 1936, General Theory of Employment
GI Bill 1944, Veterans' Administration VA, Federal Housing Authority FHA, Economic bill of rights 1944
Conservative, Billy Graham, Ben Herr, The Ten Commandments, Dial a Prayer Television, Ozzie and Harriet, Father Knows Best,
Leave It To Beaver, Prescriptive literature, Dr. Benjamin Spock, Redbook, Good Housekeeping, Women's Day
Suburbia, Abraham Levitt, Levittown, Long Island, "fertile town"
Challenges conformity, James Dean, Rebel Without a Cause 1955, J.D. Salinger, Catcher In the Rye 1951, Rock and roll, Blues Boy B. B. King
Elvis Presley, juvenile delinquency, cruising
Dwight Eisenhower 1952-56, Robert Taft
National Defense Highway Act 1956, interstate system
John Foster Dulles, nuclear brinkmanship, "more bang for the buck"
Military Industrial Complex 1961
1960 John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon
JFK, cold warrior, "pay an price, bear any burden"
Third world, Peace Corp, Green Berets, guerilla tactics
Bay of Pigs 1961, Cuba, Fidel Castro, Central Intelligence Agency, counter insurgency
Cuban Missile Crisis October 1962, Robert Kennedy, quarantine Nikica Khrushchev
Investment Tax Credit Act 1962, Tax Reduction Act 1964
Michael Harrington, The Other America 1962
Lyndon Banes Johnson, LBJ 1964-8, Great Society, Equal Opportunity Act, Office of Economic Opportunity OEO, Job Corp, Vista, Head Start,
Elementary and Secondary Education Acts, Higher Education act, Medicare, Medicaid, welfare, food stamps, Daniel Moynihan 1965
Community Action Programs PACs

* Civil Right's Movement:

Plessy versus Ferguson, 1896, separate but equal
World War II watershed/transforming
J. Philip Randolph, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters Union, March On Washington July 1941
Executive order #8802, Fair Labor Practices Committee
Double V campaign, CORE Congress oc Racial Equality, NAACP National Association of the Advancement of Colored People
1946 Morgan versus Virginia, 1948 Shelly versus Kramer
Brown versus Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas May 1954, Thurgood Marshall, Earl Warren, stigmatize,
integration, desgregate, Southern Manifesto 1956, Emmitt Till 1955, Jet
Montgomery Bus Boycott December 1, 1955-56, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr.,
direct non-violence, Southrn Christian Leadership Conference SCLC, charismatic
1957 Little Rock, Arkansas, Central High School, Orville Faubus, 1010st Airborne, divisive
Greensboro, North Carolina February 1, 1960, Woolworth's, sit-in
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee SNCC 1960
Robert F. Kennedy RFK, Coretta Scott King
Freedon Rides 1961, Interstate Commerce Commission, John Fatterson, Ross Barnett, Diane Nash
James Meredith 1962, University of Mississippi
1963 Birmingham, Alabama, "Bombingham," Dennis "Bull" Connor
Second Emancipation Proclamation June 11, 1963
March on Washington August 28, 1963, "I Have a Dream"
Assassination, ideology, practitioner
Civil Rights Act June 6, 1964
Students for a Democratic Society SDS, Tom Haden, "Port Huron Statement,"
participatory democracy
Freedon summer 64, Congress of Federated Organizations COFO, Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI,
J. Edgar Hoover, Mississippi Freedom Democratice Party MFDP, Fannie Lou Hamer, Atlantic City
Selma, Voting Rights Act August 6, 1965
Fractionalize, militancy, Malcolm X, separatist, Nation of Islam, pilgrimage, Mecca,
Stokely Carmichael, "Black Power," Black Panthets 1966, Bobby Seale, Huey Newton
covert segregation, Cicero, Richard Daly, Louise Day-Hicks
1971 Swann versus Charlotte, North Carolina, bussing Watts 1965
Poor People's Campaign, Wagon Tain Campaign 1968, resurrection city, Memphis April 4, 1968, James Earl Ray
1968 Presidential Committee, institutions, Fair Housing Act 1968, forced bussing, affirmative action

* Modern Feminism:

precriptive literature, Dr. Benjamin Spock, Redbook, Women's Day, Good Housekeeping, psychologists,
Father Knows Best, Ozzie and Harriet, Leave It To Beaver sexual brinkmanship, Dr. Alfred Kinsey 1948/53
Betty Friedan, The Feminist Mystique 1963, manifesto
President's Committee On Women 1962, Equal Pay Act 1963, Civil Rights Act 1964
National Organization of Women NOW 1966, Equal Rights Amendment ERA
Women's liveration movement, Gloria Steinem
Battered women's shelter 1971 Minnesota
Rowe versus Wade January 1973 legalize abortion first trimester

* Vetnam:

Ho her Miah, Atlantic Charter 1941, self-determination of nations, nationalist, communist
Cold War, Truman Doctrine 1947, containment, North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO 1949, France
Nrth Korea/South Korea, 1947, Korean War June 25, 1950, undeclared war, police action,
United Nations, 38th parallel, China, Domino theory
Bao Dai, Biendienphu, Indochina 1954, Geneva Accords 1954, 17th parallel, truce line
Central Intelligence Agency CIA, Ngo Ginh Diem 1955
National Liberation Front, Vietcong, Vietnimh, military advisors
JFK, insurgency tactics, Green Berets, laboratory, assassination, Buddhist barbecues
LBJ, Alamo mentality
USS Maddox, Gulf of Tonkin Resolution August 7, 1964, blank check Saigon, Hanoi, Laos, Robert McNamara
Pleiku February 1965, sorties, attrition, psychological warfare, agent orange, defoliant
Rolling Thunder March 1965, search and destroy, limited war, body count
General William C. Westmoreland, Tet offensive January 30, 1968, lunar new year
My Lai massacre March 16, 1968, William Calley, Life Magazine1969
Anti-war movement, University of Michigan March 1965, Students for a Democratic Society SDS,
J. William Fulbright, Martin Luther King Jr., Robert Kennedy, Eugene McCarthy, New Hamphire, Larry O'Brien
Paris Peace talks May 1968
Hubert Humphrey, Democratic convention Chicago August 1968, Youth International
Party Yippies, Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, Richard Daly, Abraham Ribicoff, Walter Crokite
Richard Nixon, law and order, honorable peace, Nixon Doctrine July 1969, Vietnamization, Desertions, heroin
Cambodia April 1970, sanctuary, staging area, Kent State University, Jackson College
Henry Kissinger, Christmas bombings 1972, cease-fire January 27, 1973

* 1968; America Turns Right:

Richard Nixon, law and order, silent majority, conservative consensus
George Wallace, "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever"
SDS, weathermen, Columbia University May 1968,k Moringside Heights, Mark Rudd
Kevin Phillips, historical cycles, The Real Majority 1969
Southern strategy, Clement Haynesworth, Harold Carswell
"Joe Kelly Reaches His Boiling Point" 1970, World Trade Center, John Lindsay, hard hat
Spiro Agnew, Patrick Buchanan
Philadelphia Plan, Affirmative action
Block grants, Crime Control Act 1971
Environmental Protection Agency EPA 1971, Occupational Safety and Health Administration 1972
Equal Rights Amendment 1972-82 ERA, Phyllis Schlafly, Eagle Forum 1972, The Power of Positive Woman 1977, Sexual permissiveness, homosexuality, abortion, no-fault divorces, George McGovern

* Watergate:

Stanley Levison, Martin Luther King Jr., J. Edgar Hoover
Willard Hotel, Coretta Scott King, Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC
Operation Kayos, Central Intelligence Agency CIA, Students for a Democratic Society SDS, confrontation
Richard Nixon, paranoia, Pentagon Papers 1971, Daniel Ellsberg, New York Times
Plumbers, Committee to RE-elect the President CREP, John Mitchell, Edmund Muskie
Watergate Office Complex June 17, 1972, Washington Times, Bob Woodward, Carl Bernstein
Slush fund, G. Gordon Liddy, John Dean
Saturday Night Massacre November 1972, "I am not a crook"
"smoking gun tape" June 24, 1972, obstruction of justice, abuse of Presidential power, impreach
resignation August 9, 1974, pardon Septmentber 8, 1974, Gerald Ford
War Powers Act 1973, Bureau of Information, cynicism, Arab Oil Embargo, inflation,
unemployment, deficits, Arab-Israeli Conflict October 1973

* 1970s:

OPEC, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, Saudi a Arabia
Arab Oil Embargo 1973, Arab-Israeli Conflict
Stagflation, inflation, unemployment, discretionary income
Trade deficit, gold standard, price/wage freeze 1971
Jimmy Carter, human rights, energy shortage, hostages
Iran, Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlazi 1953, westernization
Islamic Revolution 1978-9, Ayatollah Khomeini
Soviet Union/Afghanistan

* Reagan Revolution and end of Cold War:

Ronald Reagan, Actor's Guild, General Electric, Reaganomics, David Stockman, Milton Friedman,
tax cuts, free markets, monetarism, Proposition 13 California 1978
Bob Jones University, Religious right, Christian fundamentalism, Pat Robertson, Jerry Falwell
Jim and Tammy Baker, family values
PATCO, Professional Air-Traffic Controllers Association 1981
Jean Kirkpatrick, totalitarian, authoritarian, Nicaragua, sandinistas, "freedom fighters"
Star Wars, B1 stelt bombers, Beirut, Lebanon 1983, Grenada
Arab-Israeli Conflict 1948-79, Camp David Accords 1979, Jimmy Carter, Egypt, Israel,
Palestine, Mohammed Anwarlel Sadat, Menachim Begin
Ayatollah Khomeini Islamic Revolution 197809, Islamic fundamentalism, theocracy, Afghanistan/Soviet Union 1980
Eastern European satellites 1989, perestroika, glasnost, Migiel Gorbachev
Heavy industrialism, blue collar/white collar 1956, service sector, light manufacturing
Saddam Hussein, Irag, George Bush, Persian Gulf, Gulf War 1991, Kuwait

Name Department E-mail
John Every Social Science jevery@ccri.edu

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